Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM) was established on 1st December 2000 as the 1st technical public university in Malaysia. The campus is located in the UNESCO world heritage city of Melaka, set within 766 acres of lush verdant landscape boasting state-of-theart facilities in all its seven faculties. As a focus university, UTeM boasts strengths in technical fields – namely Engineering, IT, and Management Technology. The number of active staff is approximately 2,063, and the number of students is around 13,322. Since 2015, the sustainable energy management system was adapted with seven main elements: policy, organization, human resource development, operation & control, effective maintenance, budget & investment, and planning & recognition; and all the relevance policies for regulation compliance. UTeM has invested amount of money in energy management to support the campus's massive area. By targeting 18% saving energy consumption within 5 years of implementation, the current achievement is above the target, as summarized in Figure a2. Thus, the sustainable energy management system setup's performance has contributed to decrease the CO2 emission while improving the Building Energy Index (BEI) for the main campus.
The latest update of the BEI is 145 kWh/m2 /year with CO2 emission reduction for 3,791.97tone CO2. The total energy saving (waste avoided) for the three-year energy management program is 13,849,590 kWh. Meanwhile, the commitment operation cost of the government has been saved by about USD 1,263,775. Table a1 summarizes the total performance. UTeM adopts a holistic solution under an energy management scheme to monitor environmental issues such as waste and pollution closely. To ensure that the sustainable energy management program success, the full support by all staff and top management, the threelayer committee has been established. The top-level is an Executive Council (EC) chaired by Vice-Chancellor (VC). The related energy efficiency programs consist of zero, medium, and large costs solution, where the building capacity involves staff, students, and community concurrently. UTeM has prepared the integration system for a smart and dynamic campus through Industrial Evolution I.R. 4.0 technology in its innovative ways. Thus, the MaPTeP (energy matrix for office), Smart Building & Energy Management System BEMS, load factor improvement simulator are introduced.
UTeM is committed to supporting the environment policy that has been established for continuous economic, social and cultural progress and enhancement of the quality of life of Malaysians through environmentally sound and sustainable development. This support was manifested by exercising commitment and accountability related to pollution management in UTeM environmental policy. Besides that UTeM also implements environment awareness and sustainability programs to raise awareness among the staff and the local community about the importance of conservation and diversity of nature. The continuous improvement of *RM 1 = USD 0.25 Figure 2. Energy cost saving (2018 - 2020) as compared to baseline consumption 2018 2019 2020 RM 1,302,020 1,387,150 2,365,930 USD 325,505 346,788 591,483 - 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 2,500,000 Energy Cost Saving (RM@USD) Year Figure 3. Waste Management: (a) Solid and Scheduled Waste Management Policy; (b) Inorganic waste management (recycling) (c) Organic waste to waste compost (d) (e) (f) Figure 4. 3R Program in UTeM: (d) Recycle bin, (e) Green Mug Program, (f) Reduce: Double sided printed document awareness 8 environmental quality was also conducted by facilitating the generation and sharing of knowledge related to the environment and sustainability through research and development.
Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM) Energy Policy was established in 2015 to ensure a sustainable energy management system to enable continuous, effective and widespread implementation of energy efficiency and conservation practices at all PTjs within UTeM. Under the policy, UTeM has committed to follow Government Green Policy (GGP) to purchase energy efficiency products as listed under the program. The min star rated to purchase is 3 star or equivalent to energy efficiency product. Figure 9 shows energy policy signed by top management in UTeM to support GGP. All buildings in UTeM needs to comply with the ‘Melaka Green Seal’ (MGS) guidelines
Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering receive an appreciation award from Majlis Pembandaran Hang Tuah Jaya by following Melaka Green Seal guidelines. UTeM dedicated to promoting sustainable practices in educational institutions, and as an auditee, our perspective on the Energy Efficient Appliances Usage criteria is centered on our commitment to minimizing our environmental footprint. We understand that the responsible use of energy-efficient appliances not only reduces our operational costs but also contributes significantly to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and conserving precious natural resources. Through this criterion, we aim to showcase our institution's dedication to fostering a more sustainable future by adopting eco-friendly technologies and encouraging energy-conscious behavior among our staff and students. Below are few implemented initiative to support the energy efficiency.
The process and procedure adopted shall enable the establishment of measurable energy reduction Targets and Energy Index without compromising reliability, comfort and safety. The energy management system will be driven and motivated by creative and innovative initiatives from within the UTeM community. UTeM’s Energy Policy will be managed by a certified Registered Electrical Energy Manager (REEM)
Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering
Tabulated data of EE appliances usage in UTeM
Figure 1. Replacement of Conventional Fluorescent Tube to LED tube lamp and downlight with total of 5300 Units in UTeM Main campus in the current year with estimated saving of RM 120,000 (USD 2500) per year.
Figure 2. Replacement of Total 23 Units of High Efficiency Single Screw Type of Chiller from Conventional Type Chiller at UTeM Main Campus with COP can go up to ~6.5kW/KW
Figure 3. Inverter 4 Star Energy Efficient Split Unit Air Conditioner At Vice Chansellor Office, Main Campus And VRV Split Air Conditioner At FTMK Building In UTeM Main Campus
Note: One building could be classified as a smart building if it has a minimum of 5 features. Please add the total smart building area from buildings which are classified as smart buildings.
UTeM uses centralize Building Management System (BMS), Energy Management System (EMS) and IOT Electrical Energy Monitoring System for indoor air quality, temperature monitoring as well as energy profiling purposes. The Fire alarm systems have been installed separately at all buildings while strategic places are installed with CCTV.
These systems can be assessed online by authorized personal, mainly maintenance team from Office of Facilities Management and Safety Office. Table 1 shows the evidence of the smart building element in UTeM.
Main Interface of Building Management System (BMS) and Energy Management System (EMS)
2nd Interface Level of Building Management System (BMS)
3rd Interface Level of Building Management System (BMS) – Chiller Plant Room (Chancellery Building)
3rd Interface Level of Building Management System (BMS) –Temperature, Humidity and CO2 Monitoring (Chancellery Building)
Centralize BMS, EMS and Fire Alarm Control Room
AHU Control Unit (Indoor Air Temperature and Other Sensors) & Smart Dust Monitoring for Indoor Air Quality Control System
IoT Energy Monitoring System
Fire Alarm System System at Building
IoT Energy Monitoring Dashboard
Interface for Energy Cost Analysis
Interface for Consumption Analysis
Interface for Energy Opportuning Analysis
Internal Billing System from IoT Energy Monitoring
CCTV Control Room
Lighting Setting and Control System
CCTV Installed at Building
The greenhouse gas emission reduction program in Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM) aims to reduce all three scopes emission. Process emission – Direct greenhouse Gas (CHG) emission from physical or chemical process rather than from fuel combustion.
UTeM supports several researches and developments of product from Waste Cooking Oil (WCO) such as WCO-Plasticizer, Natural Insect Repellent, Organic Bath Soap, Oleophilic Polymer WCO Solidifier dan Organic Intelligent Candle).
Indirect GHG emissions resulting from inseneration or landfill of your institutions solid waste.
Special Program of Global Recycling Day 2022 conducted by students with company SWM Environment Sdn Bhd has been officiated by Deputy Vice Chancellor of UTeM.
a – existence of plan
Program 1: Optimum baseload energy consumption during pandemic condition.
The baseload percentage previously above than 20% just for the safety purpose. The management agreed to rescheduled the lighting operation while maintening the standard of lux level.
Program 2: Optimum chiller scheduling.
The maximum demand charge still high during less staff and students due to centralize chiller operation. The optimum operation scheduling of chiller has been done by using optimization algorithm such as Particle Swarm Optimization under simulation program. Once, optimum loadd profile was concluded, the real implemention will be conducted. The operation of the chillers also follow the OPTR tariff scheme, where the value of load factor should be improved to enjoy price reduction by energy provider.
Program 3: Dust filter monitoring.
AHU dust monitoring has been installed to monitor level of dust so that the clean air circulation would be supplied to the end user.
Program 4 : Variable Speed Drive (VSD) at AHU -Library
Installation of variable speed drive (VSD) at AHUs unit. To control the speed drive of the motor where the energy can be optimally consumed. The AHU represents almost 15% of total energy consumption in the university. The innovative project of VSD installation at strategic buildings will be able to avoid about 60% energy waste for the AHU system in UTeM
Program 5 : Chiller Retrofitting at 2 building
Innovation on Energy Efficiency Chillers retrofitting program.
The chillers system present almost 60% energy consumption breakdown in the university. The replacement of the old type chiller with good scheduling of replacement can contribute to optimal investment cost while mitigate the appropriate energy consumption stratetically. In UTeM, the inverter type of chillers have been replaced in staged period within 2 years with total
budget of MYR 9Million.
Installation, heat insulation, cladding wrap, padang pressure gauge and thermometer
Connect power supply to chiller, electrical wiring and automatic wiring to pump and cooling tower
The replacement of new chiller
Analysis of load profile is essential to investigate any abnormalities in power consumption. It also provide potential energy saving to the organization.
2.UTeM has joined the AEA award as the program to transfer the knowledge in regional level. UTeM has been announced as the winner for the energy management category during the event. Since there, UTeM able to consult and sharing the knowledge to the energy management committee at regional/international level.
1. International and Regional Levels
Program: Energy Management Gold Standard (EMGS) Certification under ASEAN Energy Management Scheme (AEMAS)
Level of Certification: 3-Stars (Highest)
Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM) has joined the Energy Management Gold Standard (EMGS) Certification since 2016 to date. The benefits of joining EMGS is given in the link above. In 2022, UTeM has achieve the highest 3-Stars EMGS Certification and the certification is valid until 2024.
2. Community Level (UTeM)
Program: Online Transfer Knowledge Awareness Program on Energy Conservation and Efficiency at Faculty of Information and Communications Technology
3. Community Level (Outside UTeM)
Program:Technical Training on Efficient Energy Target and Plan for staff
Program: Awareness talk at Green Practice Program, MARA Junior Science Collage (Maktab Rendah Sains Mara), Tun Ghafar Baba, Jasin Melaka (Secondary School).
Topic: Awareness on Energy Conservation and Efficiency Practice
Declaration of Commitment
The Total Carbon Footprint (CO2 Emission In The Last 12 Months, In Metric Tons)
As an auditee participating in the UI GreenMetric assessment, we understand the critical importance of evaluating our institution's environmental impact, particularly concerning the Total Carbon Footprint criteria. This criterion not only measures our carbon emissions but also assesses our commitment to mitigating climate change. We recognize that our carbon footprint plays a significant role in our overall sustainability efforts and that reducing it is essential for the well-being of our planet. Through this evaluation, we aim to demonstrate our dedication to environmental responsibility, as we strive to minimize our carbon emissions, adopt sustainable practices, and contribute to a greener and more sustainable future for all.
Option 2: Recommended by UI GreenMetric
The post-pandemic period of COVID-19 has seen a concerning increment in carbon footprints at universities. This rise can be attributed to several factors, including increased energy consumption as institutions strive to maintain a safe and hygienic environment through enhanced ventilation and cleaning protocols. The transition to online learning has also led to a surge in data center energy use, contributing to higher carbon emissions. Additionally, the resumption of in-person activities has led to increased transportation-related emissions as students, faculty, and staff commute to campuses, which were largely deserted during the pandemic. These combined factors have resulted in a notable uptick in universities' carbon footprints, highlighting the need for sustainable practices and a reevaluation of the higher education sector's environmental impact.
The comitment for clean energy stated in UTeM energy policy